Business executives targeted as defendants in criminal cases have historically been subjected to the same proof standard as other alleged wrongdoers. Prosecutors seeking to obtain convictions against them -- for purposes of this blog entry, in white collar criminal cases -- must prove their wrongful intent beyond a reasonable doubt. That standard is a bedrock legal principle and hallmark of American justice.
Many individuals' businesses and services rely on being hired by outside parties, including other businesses. While most Texas companies believe that their services will be paid for by the hiring parties, situations can arise in which invoices go unpaid. If this lack of payment continues, individuals may find themselves pursuing legal action in efforts to obtain owed balances.
How much are Visa and MasterCard really contributing to your business? It’s clear they play a role, and they’re happy to take a cut every time a customer whips out a credit card to pay for drinks or dessert. But are they contributing enough to merit the interchange fees they charge? Europeans don’t think so.